Hubbard Dental

A Guide to Dental Crowns: Types, Procedure, Care

A Guide to Dental Crowns: Types, Procedure, Care

A crown is a type of dental restoration that covers the entire visible portion of a tooth. It is an excellent solution for people who want to repair a damaged or decayed tooth as it helps restore the tooth’s shape, size, strength, and appearance. Crowns can also be used to cover teeth that are discolored or misshapen.

When considering a dental crown, it’s essential to understand the different types available, the procedure involved in placing a crown, and how to care for your new restoration.

When is a Crown Necessary?

A crown is an excellent solution for a variety of dental issues. It can be used to:

  • Restore a broken or severely damaged tooth
  • Cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining
  • Hold a dental bridge in place
  • Cover misshapen or discolored teeth
  • Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
  • Cover a dental implant
  • Cover a tooth that has had a root canal treatment

The Dental Crown Procedure

The procedure for getting a crown typically takes two visits to the dentist, unless you are getting same-day crowns. During the first visit, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay or damaged tissue and shaping it to fit the crown. An impression of the prepared tooth will be taken and sent to a dental laboratory where the custom crown will be made. The dentist may also place a temporary crown on the tooth until the permanent one is ready.

At the second visit, the dentist will remove the temporary crown and check the fit of the permanent one. If the permanent crown fits correctly, the dentist will cement it in place. Remember that the procedure may vary slightly depending on the material used, such as metal, ceramic, and all-resin.

Common Types of Dental Crowns

Crowns are made from various materials, including porcelain, metal alloys, and resin. The type of crown used will depend on the location of the tooth, its function, and the patient’s budget.

#1. All Metal

All metal crowns are made from gold, palladium, and platinum. These crowns are incredibly durable and can last many years with proper dental care. They are less likely to chip or break than other types of crowns. All metal crowns are often used on back teeth where strength is more important than aesthetics.

Among the most popular all-metal crowns are gold crowns. Gold is a strong and durable material that can withstand the force of chewing and grinding. It also doesn’t corrode or wear down over time like other metals.

#2. All-Porcelain

All-porcelain or all-ceramic crowns are made from a single block of porcelain and are designed to match the color of your natural teeth. They are an excellent choice for front teeth, as they provide a more natural look than metal crowns. Porcelain crowns can also be used on back teeth, but they may not be as durable as metal crowns.

Zirconia crowns are a type of all-porcelain crown made from a strong ceramic material. They are extremely durable and can last for many years with special care. Zirconia crowns are an excellent choice for both front and back teeth, as they provide a natural look and feel while also being very strong and resistant to wear. The material is also biocompatible, meaning it won’t cause any allergic reactions.

#3. Porcelain Fused to Metal

Porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns are a combination of metal and porcelain. The metal provides strength and durability, while the porcelain gives the crown a natural-looking appearance. The crown’s metal base is usually made from a combination of gold, palladium, and platinum. The porcelain is then fused to the metal base and shaped to match the surrounding teeth.

PFM crowns are an excellent choice for front and back teeth, as they provide a strong and aesthetically pleasing solution.

#4. All-Resin

This is one of the most affordable types of crowns, as it is made from a plastic material. All-resin crowns are not as strong or durable as metal or porcelain crowns, but they can still provide many years of service with proper care. They are an excellent choice for front teeth, as they offer a natural-looking appearance at a fraction of the cost of other types of crowns.

#5. Stainless Steel

Stainless steel crowns do not last as long as other types of crowns and are intended to be lost or replaced as the child’s permanent teeth come in. Stainless steel crowns are an affordable and effective solution for restoring decayed or damaged primary teeth.

Which Type is Best for You?

When it comes to choosing the right type of dental crown for you, there are a few factors to consider. Your dentist will be able to advise you on which type of crown is best suited for your individual needs.

For front teeth, all-porcelain or zirconia crowns are usually the best choices as they provide a natural-looking appearance. For back teeth, metal or porcelain fused to metal crowns are usually the best options as they provide strength and durability. All-resin crowns are an affordable option for front teeth, while stainless steel crowns are an effective solution for restoring decayed or damaged primary teeth.

Caring for Your Dental Crown

It’s important to take good care of your dental crowns to ensure they last as long as possible. Here are some tips for caring for your crowns:

  • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day.
  • Avoid biting down on hard foods or objects.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.
  • Wear a mouthguard when playing sports or other activities that could damage your crowns.

Restore Your Smile with Hubbard Dental

If you’re looking for a reliable and experienced dentist to help you with your dental crowns, our dental practice can help! Our team of experienced dentists can help you find the right type of crown for your individual needs and provide expert care and advice on how to properly care for them. Contact us today to learn more about our services and schedule an appointment.

We look forward to helping you achieve a beautiful and healthy smile!